There are good bacteria and there are also bad ones. In fact, our body is a host to over 100 trillion good bacteria. They are known to reside mostly in the gut and scientists say that these good bacteria are essential for our survival. In contrast, bad bacteria are opportunistic bacteria that are immensely harmful to the body. An example of such is staphylococcus.
Staphylococcus is a bacteria that lives on the skin of many without causing anything more than a minor skin problem, but when this harmful bacteria finds its way into the bloodstream or organs of the body, it may lead to a catastrophic series of event. And if left untreated - can be fatal. Majorly there are two types of staphylococcus; Methicillin-resistance staph (MRSA) and Methicillin-susceptible staph (MSSA). The latter as the name implies can be combatted with most known antibiotics while the former is resistant to most known antibiotics.
MRSA has posed a great challenge to doctors and scientists ever since it was first discovered in 1961. With its rapid and global spread, MRSA soon became resistant to methicillin and other forms of antibiotics at that time. And it’s not stopping. In recent years, antibiotics like vancomycin, linezolid, and daptomycin have been used to treat this superbug effectively but in present times clinical strains of MRSA resistant to these antibiotics have been found.
As a result of the many beneficial attributes of CBD, many scientists have engaged in the study of various compounds of the cannabinoid and have successfully discovered that a particular compound has what it takes to battle MRSA effectively, even more than other known antibiotics.
What is MRSA?
Methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a strain of staphylococcus is a gram-positive bacteria that have been observed to be resistant to antibiotics over time. MRSA like any bacteria are not always serious but when it gets into the bloodstream may cause infections that can be detrimental to the health.
MRSA is usually referred to as a superbug because it’s difficult to treat and is constantly adapting to treatment. How do these bacteria become resistant to antibiotics you ask?
It works this way; Normally, a group of antibiotics known as Beta-Lactam are the most commonly used antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Examples of such antibiotics are penicillin and its derivatives like methicillin and amoxicillin.
The Beta-Lactam binds with a portion of the bacteria cell membrane known as penicillin-binding protein hence killing the bacteria. This allows the bacteria to produce a protein known as PBP2a to avoid the inhibitory effects of those antibiotics. What kills MRSA technically makes it stronger.
Causes and Risk Factors of MRSA
Scientists have made us understand that plenty of people carry staph without getting infected. In fact, 2 in 100 people carry MRSA without being infected. The bacteria is known to mostly affect people with weak immune systems. MRSA is easily dispersed by contact with someone that has been infected or with something that has been infected by someone. There are two major ways by which MRSA is spread; Health Care-associated MRSA and Community-associated MRSA.
Health Care-Associated MRSA
This is the most common situation of contracting MRSA. It usually attacks vulnerable patients that are hospitalised. For this reason, doctors and intensive care officers take note to minimise patients’ post-surgery stay in the hospital. It can also be contacted via medical tubing, catheters, and other ways that provide a straight pathway into the body.
Community- Associated MRSA
This can happen when living in an unsanitary environment, through contact sports, or the use of illicit drugs using injections. However, some health and lifestyle choices may put some individuals at risk of contracting the bacteria; HIV infections, unprotected sex, Ear, nose, and throat surgery patients.
Treatment of MRSA
The good news about MRSA is that it can be easily treated especially when found early. Some of the common symptoms of MRSA include skin infections, painful red bumps around the infected area, pus-filled bumps that are usually warm to touch accompanied with fever. The treatment method of MRSA depends on some factors;
- Area or region of the body that is infected
- The acuteness of the symptoms
- The antibiotics that work with the MRSA strain
Since MRSA is resistant to all known derivative of Penicillin, the antibiotics vancomycin has been employed to battle the infections and has proven to work in most cases within days. As a result of the resilience of MRSA, some strains have been discovered to also be resistant to vancomycin. The alternative treatment options are oral linezolid or daptomycin. It is also not surprising that strains of MRSA that are resistant to these antibiotics have also been found.
To effectively combat the infection, it is important to keep taking the prescribed antibiotics even when the symptoms have receded.
CBCA Versus Vancomycin
Cannabichromenic Acid (CBCA) is a cannabinoid derived from the hemp plant. Like CBD, CBCA is also non-psychoactive and has been reported to have certain anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Recently, the studies of some Australian scientists on MRSA antibiotics have led to the discovery of the potent effect of CBCA and how it degrades bacterial lipids. The article concluded that the result shown proves that CBCA is a faster and more potent antibiotic than the commonly prescribed vancomycin. This is good news as far as medical discoveries are concerned due to the recent detection of vancomycin-resistant MRSA.
CBD and CBG versus Linezolid and Vancomycin
Another study was carried out to examine the antibacterial effect of the five major cannabinoids, cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) against MRSA. The study revealed that CBD and CBG were most potent over gram-positive bacteria including MRSA.
This is potentially very exciting because one of the ways of reducing the progression of MRSA resilience is by minimising the unnecessary use of antibiotics.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD oil?
Pure CBD oil normally contains only an isolate CBD, a full-spectrum product contains all-natural occurring compounds, such as CBC, CBN, and CBG excluding THC.
This is what gives full spectrum CBD the “entourage effect,” it is also the most suitable CBD oil that can be used in the treatment of MRSA. It contains most of the five major cannabinoids, is not psychoactive and it has the benefits of all the added cannabinoids.
MRSA has claimed a lot of lives and it may continue to do so until there’s a permanent way to curb the bacterial. Until then, scientists will continue to search for potent antibiotics. Studies on Cannabinoids have increasingly shown that the compound has so much to offer to the human race, but their various benefits will be left unknown if more studies are not done.