With many well-known health benefits, CBD has grown in popularity in recent years. But there are many different CBD products, from oils to jelly beans, and that can confuse some users when it comes to buying or selecting one product or another. One of the questions we must know before choosing a product is what is Full-Spectrum CBD?
You may find that when you search for CBD products, you will see that some claim to contain Full-Spectrum CBD and others, however, CBD isolate. Although it sounds similar, they are terms that refer to different things. In general, users tend to prefer Full-Spectrum CBD, and here's why.
Cannabinoids & Full-Spectrum CBD
As you may have already guessed, the variety of Cannabinoids present in a product is what determines whether that product is full-spectrum or isolated. To create CBD products, the Cannabinoids must first be extracted from the Hemp Plant through methods such as CO2 extraction. Through this extraction process, other substances are also extracted from the plant such as Flavonoids, Terpenes and other Cannabinoids. Depending on the hemp strain and the extraction method used, the Cannabinoid profile and composition will differ.
For example, Hemp, which is a plant in the Cannabis Sativa family, has very little THC compared to Cannabis Indica strains like Pennywise, which has a 1: 1 ratio of CBD and THC. Depending on the final product they are looking for, companies choose some varieties or others to extract the substances that they are going to use to create their products.
Once the substances are extracted, the company refines the extract to contain certain Cannabinoids from the plant. The content of the refined product is what determines whether it is a full-spectrum CBD product or a CBD isolate.
What is Full Spectrum CBD
The hemp plant is made up of hundreds of different phytochemicals, including Cannabinoids, Terpenes, Flavonoids, and other substances. Full-spectrum CBD refers to products that not only contain CBD but also have the benefit of other Cannabinoids and plant molecules. In other words, Full-Spectrum CBD contains those substances that are present in the plant.
Cannabinoids, essential oils and Terpenes that are extracted from the plant interact to intensify the therapeutic benefits that each Cannabinoid has separately. This is known as the entourage effect.
The Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is directly related to the effectiveness of a variety of extracts. More than 100 substances have been identified in the hemp plant. Although each has its therapeutic benefits, when combined they work synergistically to provide even better benefits than alone. Until a few years ago, CBD isolate (CBD in its pure form) was believed to be more effective than full-spectrum CBD. However, in 2005 this theory was disproved by a study conducted in Jerusalem Israel by the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology.
The study found that subjects taking Full-Spectrum CBD experienced greater relief than subjects taking CBD isolate. The results also showed that Full-Spectrum CBD offered a greater effect with higher doses, while the effects of isolated CBD did not vary with increasing doses.
Some people are concerned that Full-Spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC. This is the substance that causes psychoactive effects that many CBD users do not want to suffer from. Therefore, we must emphasize that, in these cases, the amount of THC contained in these products is minimal (of a maximum of 0.3%). Therefore, the possibility of suffering psychoactive effects is almost non-existent.
Here are some compounds worth mentioning that are part of the entourage effect of CBD.
|THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)||CBC (Cannabichromene)|
There are only two carbon atoms difference between THCV and THC. The therapeutic effects of this compound are very similar to THC, Without the Psychoactive effects.
Effects of THCV:
In most cases, CBC is an abundant cannabinoid. Although there are exceptions. This compound is non-psychoactive and offers excellent anxiolytic and antidepressant activity, especially in combination with CBD. Unfortunately, there are few studies to quantify the effects of this cannabinoid, although we can expect to see much more information on this cannabinoid in the near future.
Effects of CBC:
|CBG (Cannabigerol)||CBN (Cannabinol)|
CBG is one of the precursors of other cannabinoids like THC. It inhibits many of the effects of THC by producing the opposite effect (it blocks the activation of serotonin to reduce psychoactive side effects). It is also one of the strongest anti-anxiety cannabinoids found in the plant.
Effects of CBG:
CBN is a by-product of THC. As THC breaks down, some of it turns into CBN. This cannabinoid is mostly non-psychoactive, but it will produce some mild psychoactive side effects in some individuals.
This compound is more sedating than most other cannabinoids and is therefore ideal for people who use cannabis for conditions such as insomnia, anxiety, or high stress.
Effects of CBN:
What Problems is Full Spectrum CBD Best For?
CBD can be very effective on its own for some people. However, the combination of plant extracts with CBD can provide more intense and long-lasting relief. This is why more and more companies in the industry are creating Full-Spectrum CBD products.
Here are some of the issues that full-spectrum CBD can most effectively treat. There are more, but at this stage studies on them remain limited.
Pain and Swelling
Chronic pain and inflammation are one of the main reasons users turn to CBD. Studies have found that the synergistic effects of Full-Spectrum CBD are more effective than CBD isolate in treating inflammatory problems. This is why patients with autoimmune diseases and chronic conditions find that Full-Spectrum CBD is most effective in relieving inflammation and pain. Terpenes alone have great health potential and we should not forget about them.
Research upholds CBD's ability to treat anxiety. More studies are being conducted every day, some in animals, helping researchers understand how CBD works in the brain.
Studies on CBD and anxiety disorders continue. For now, the results are promising. While THC alone can make anxiety problems worse, CBD can counteract the effects of THC to jointly alleviate PTSD, stress, and other symptoms. By extracting CBD, THC, and other substances like Terpenes, Full-Spectrum CBD appears to be effective with different anxiety-related disorders.
In medicine, it has always been thought that marijuana can treat nausea. As it can stimulate the appetite, it also can help with certain eating disorders. The Cannabinoids present in Full-Spectrum CBD can help relieve nausea and vomiting. The trace amounts of THC byproducts that are present in full-spectrum CBD can be very beneficial in reducing symptoms.
THC can control nausea and vomiting by stimulating CB1 receptors in the brain, especially receptors found in the regulating centers of vomiting and nausea. But at the same time, it stimulates the CB1 receptors found in the gastrointestinal tract, and that helps reduce intestinal motility. Activation of this receptor can help improve appetite.
On the other hand, CBD helps to control nausea by influencing the serotonin receptors. It also reduces the release of serotonin, so there is less stimulation of the vomiting control centre found in the brain. Activating CB2 receptors can also help prevent nausea.
Many factors determine how Cannabinoids affect the body, from the chemical composition of the person to weight or history with other chemical substances. For many, Full-Spectrum CBD may be better than isolate because it offers all the benefits of the plant.
There is no question that Full-Spectrum CBD has more health benefits. It seems that Full-Spectrum CBD is the perfect natural remedy for good health.