It's no accident that CBD has wholly blown apart both the nutritional supplement and medical-marijuana markets worldwide. Never before has a plant-based health product been used by such an extensive cross-section of the population for a whole range of health conditions.
The doubters question whether CBD really can treat virtually everything - anxiety, tension, depression, sleep disorders, epilepsy, inflammation, pain, various skin conditions and potentially, even cancer.
However, when you consider the myriad of ways CBD interacts with our bodies, it soon becomes clear that it is no ordinary compound.
CBD THE MULTI-TASKING MOLECULE
An essential step in bringing a cure to market is understanding how a substance affects the body.
CBD is considered a pleiotropic molecule, which means it causes diverse effects in our bodies through multiple action mechanisms.
A critical way that compounds create biological reactions is by binding or connecting with receptors in our cells. Receptors are like locks, waiting to be opened by chemical keys such as neurotransmitters to convert any incoming signals into a biological response.
CBD communicates with several different receptors, all of which create many other effects on our body. It's as if CBD were some kind of molecular social butterfly, flitting from one type of receptor to another.
CBD Activates Serotonin Receptors. Many people report feeling happier and less anxious after taking CBD, which scientists believe can be partly explained by its activation of 5-HT1A serotonin receptors in the brain.
Serotonin is a type of neurotransmitter, crucial to maintaining balanced mental wellbeing. Indeed, a widely used class of antidepressant medications act by increasing serotonin signalling.
CBD Binds with Pain Receptors. One of the most common reasons people take CBD is to alleviate inflammation caused pain. It's thought CBD's activation of the TRPV1 'vanilloid receptor could be a contributing factor.18 TRPV1 receptors are found in neurons (nerve cells) involved in pain perception, pain control, inflammation and body temperature.